Skip to main content

Optimize memory usage for joins

ClickHouse provides different algorithms for joins operations. By default, the hash algorithm is used, which loads the right hand side of the join into memory, which can result in very high memory usage.

It is possible to choose which join algorithm to use, so you can pick the best algorithm for your use case.

This is done using the join_algorithm setting; you can find the possible algorithms here.

For example:

SELECT number
FROM numbers(2000)
SELECT number
FROM numbers(2000000)
) USING (number)
SETTINGS join_algorithm = 'partial_merge'

You can also use join_algorithm='auto' and let ClickHouse automatically decide which algorithm to use.